This book is a 'back to the future' examination of traditional leisure as experienced by peoples from countries around the world. The stories and accounts narrated in the essays are a (re)discovery of core leisure values, and these remind us to focus on the essence of leisure while discerning the superficial and the meaningless. The idea that affluent societies formulated more meaningful leisure concepts and practices due to the greater availability of free time and resources has not come to fruition in recent decades. In fact, social-cultural changes in both Western and developing countries have created the need for a critical examination of leisure arising out of a concern that the values and benefits of leisure, as enshrined in earlier Western leisure theory, have been eroded, while those of traditional societies have not been given due credence. In this volume, contributors from developing societies address the issue of how traditional leisure forms are impacting modern practices and understanding of leisure, leading to new hybrid forms that are more inclusive even as they are expressive of the varied modes of leisure. Alternative modes of leisure practice that go beyond the work-leisure binary, giving primacy to the leisure experiences undertaken in affluent societies, also form an important segment of the book. The essays on tourism make a critical evaluation of both the enhancing and the deleterious facets of this popular leisure form, as they examine how traditional ways of life are turned into sites for both a deeper understanding of different cultures and for the benefit of voyeurs. An interesting aspect of the book is an exploration of how certain pilgrimage sites have turned into tourist spaces for reconciliation and interaction between the erstwhile exploiter and the exploited. The essays detailing leisure practices from all continents of the world ably incorporate theoretical perspectives that underpin those practices.